RAAG ASAA MEHLA 1 (PEHLA)
This shabad is written in raga named “Raag ASAA”. Mehla 1 (to be pronounced as "Mehla Pehla") means this shabad is written by the first Guru, Guru Nanak Dev ji.
In this shabad Guru Nanak Dev ji says there are many books of wisdom written by many knowledgeable people, but the source of all knowledge is only one God, just like there are days, nights, months, and seasons, but they all originate from one source – Sun.
CHHE GHAR CHHE GUR CHHE UPDES
There are six Shastras, written by six teachers, with six sets of teachings.
chhe: six, ghar: this word has many meanings, here it means books of knowledge called Shastras, written by Hindu philosophers, gur: teacher, implies writers of those Shastras, updes: teachings, principles
GUR GUR EKO VES ANEK.
(But the source of all knowledge) the Great Teacher, God, is only one, all those teachings are the expressions of His many forms.
Gur gur: God, the great teacher, eko: only one, ves: forms, anek: many
BAABAA JAI GHAR KARTE KEERAT HO-EY, SO GHAR RAAKH VADAA-EE TO-EY, II RAHAA-O II
O brother, keep the company of God loving people, where God’s praises are sung, that company is the best thing for you.
Baabaa: the wise one, way of addressing, jai ghar: that home, implies that company, karte: of the creator, keerat: praises, raakhh: keep, vadaaee: great or best, toey: for you.
VISU-E CHASI-AA GHAREE-AA PEHRAA THITEE VAAREE MAAH HO-AA.
SOORAJ EKO RUT ANEK NAANAK KARTEY KE KETE VES.
The seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, and various seasons, all originate from one source, which is the Sun. (Similarly, all knowledge – the Shastras, their writers, and their teachings - originate from one supreme source, God), Nanak says, these are the expressions of the various forms of the Creator.
Visue, chasiaa, gharee-aa, pehraa: in old times these units were used to measure time:
15 blinks of eye = 1 visua, 15 visue = 1 chasa, 30 chasas = 1 pal, 60 pal = 1 ghari, 7.5 ghareeaa = 1 pehr, 8 pehrs = 1 day (24 hours), thitee: date, vaaree: days of the week, maah: month, sooraj: sun, eko: only one, rut: seasons, anek: many, karte ke: of the creator, kete: many, ves: forms :